The Kunene Region is named after the perennial Kunene River, which borders the north-western part of the region. The mouth of the Kunene is an important wetland. The entire coast is part of the Skeleton Coast Park that stretches from the Kunene to the Ugab River.
The eastern border of this park is flanked by nine communal conservancies.
The perception at the Regional Council and communities is that they have been cut off from their coast through conservation planning. Tourism is a key development sector for the Kunene Region.
This Region is named after the Erongo Mountain. The Erongo Region, with a strong, though seasonal tourism industry and a major harbour that is also Namibia’s largest one, is the only region that is experiencing significant economic growth in the coastal regions.
The regional economy is propelled by fishing, mining, agriculture and tourism. 63% of the population in the region is urbanised. Walvis Bay is one of the main centres for industrial development on the coast of Namibia whereas Swakopmund and, to a lesser extent, Henties Bay are major tourism centres.
The Hardap Region is named after the Hardap Dam, which provides water for Namibia’s largest irrigation scheme, crop production and human consumption. Agriculture is the major economic activity.
The coastal areas comprise some of the harshest parts of the Namib Desert, namely the red dune sea that consists of shifting sands running straight into the sea. Having no significant rocky shore, lacking fresh water, and possessing no infrastructure, this coastal area’s greatest value lies in its wilderness.
The Hardap’s coastal areas have brought little or no income to the region, often leading to expressions of frustration by leaders compelled to find new livelihoods.
This region is named after the Karas Mountains. The region is diverse in terms of economic activities, consisting of mining, agriculture, fisheries and tourism. The restricted diamond mining area of the Sperrgebiet has acted as a barrier between the people and their coast.
The Sperrgebiet contains the Succulent Karoo, making it part of the richest desert in the world in terms of biological diversity. It also contains important wetlands such as the Orange River Mouth and, along the coast, rock lobster fishing, cetacean breeding sites and several islands as seabird breeding sites. Lüderitz is the second important fishing port and centre for industrial development on the coast.
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The Namibian coast is an important tourism destination mainly because of its angling and dune off-road driving opportunities. Unsustainable tourist and holiday maker be...
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